Mystery of a Myth
Yesterday we began our discussion of Egyptian mythology by a quick nod to the oldest of the three pyramids at the royal necropolis at Giza. Constructed somewhere between 2589 and 2504 BCE, the Great Pyramid of Khufu is the only one of the original three pyramids that remains intact. Some of the blocks that comprise its construction weigh over fifty tons while the other 2 million-plus blocks weigh anywhere from two tons to thirty tons. As mentioned yesterday, this pyramid is aligned with the constellation Orion but it is not the only one that is. The pyramids of Menkaure and Khafre are also so aligned.
The Egyptians had a deep reverence for the sky but they also recognized that earth gave us the ability to live. Perhaps that is why the interior temperature of the Great Pyramid at Giza is a constant temperature that equals the temperature of the earth, 20-degees Celsius or 68-degrees Fahrenheit. More amazing is that the cornerstone foundations of this pyramid have a ball and socket construction, just like our shoulders, elbows, and knees. This type of construction allows the pyramid to deal with heat expansion and earthquakes. Even the mortar is mysterious. After much analyzation, the exact composition is still unknown and attempts to reproduce it have been unsuccessful. Unlike conventional mortar used in bricks, this mortar is actually stronger than the stones is binds and connects.
The Great Pyramid of Giza was also known as “Ikhet” which translates as “glorious Light”. If you remember, we discussed yesterday how it was originally covered in casing stones made of highly polished limestone. These stones would reflect the sun’s rays, causing the pyramid to sparkle and shine. It has been determined that such a covering of shimmering limestone made the pyramid similar to a mirror, reflecting light that, if one stood on the mood and gazed upon its location on earth, the pyramid would have shone like a star. The quarry from whence these limestone blocks were quarried as well as how they were transported to the construction also remains a mystery we have yet to unearth.
What we do know is that the Great Pyramid of Giza is today the most perfectly aligned, accurate to one-tenth of a degree, edifice in existence. When constructed the North Pole was in perfect alignment with the pyramid. It is also at the very center of the land mass of the earth. If you look at a map or globe, this might not seem true but it is in how such a center is determined that makes the statement true. East/west parallels and north/south meridians intersect at two places. The parallel and meridians are determined to be those that cross the most land. One place of intersection is in the ocean while the other is…you guessed it, at the Great Pyramid of Giza.
The walls of the Pyramid are also unique. For one thing they are concave. The centers have an indention which forms an eight-sided pyramid inside, visible only from the air and only in certain light. The eight-sided pyramid is visible at dawn and sunset on two vernal equinoxes – spring and autumn. The pyramid also contained a swivel door, found in only two other pyramids. The coffer was built during construction as its size prohibits it passing through any of the doors. Its construction is also unique. It was made from one block of solid granite which would have necessitated saws with blades eight to nine feet long possessing teeth made of sapphire. Hollowing out its interior required extreme vertical force and the use of tubular drills also made of sapphire. If take the perimeter of the coffer and double it and multiply that by ten to the eighth power you have the sun’s mean radius.
The mathematics might be coincidental except too many such equations exist to be merely random. The curvature of the faces of the pyramid matches the radius of the earth. For over thirty-eight hundred years, this pyramid stood as the tallest structure on earth. The relationship between Pi (p) and Phi (F) is also somewhat of a mystery regarding the Great Pyramid. Phi is the only number whose square root is one more than itself. Phi is also known as the Golden Ration, a so-called perfect number found throughout nature. Pi is the circumference of a circle compared to its diameter. The Great Pyramid illustrates the relationship of Pi and Phi as well as giving proof to the Pythagorean Theorem, developed by Pythagoras in 570-495 BCE. Using the Pythagorean Theorem one can construct a Golden Triangle or a perfect triangle with a right angle of 90-degrees or a right triangle. The Great Pyramid of Giza has four Golden Triangles and perfectly illustrates the relationship between Pi and Phi.
Thus we have a very mathematical, permanent structure, withstanding countless earthquakes and intrusion and thievery. After all, this was a pyramid whose construction was ordered by a young man, for Khufu was only twenty years of age when he assumed power. The pyramid took twenty-three years to complete and many myths revolve around both the demeanor and the leadership/tyranny of Khufu as well as the labor needed to create such a memorial.
All too often great leadership does not reflect great humanitarianism. Andrew Carnegie once said: “Teamwork is the ability to work together toward a common vision. The ability to direct individual accomplishments toward organizational objectives. It is the fuel that allows common people to attain uncommon results.” The American industrialist Henry Ford is known for having introduced the moving assembly line and created the world’s first production in 1908. I think someone in Khufu’s regime might have beaten Mr. Ford to the punch on that. The Great Pyramid of Giza was built with mathematical precision and teamwork and each worker had to have given it his best.
The Great Pyramid of Giza was a great monument for a pharaoh that was not a great humanitarian. It stands today as a testament to the mythological beliefs about the soul being taken to the heavens. It also incorporates another great myth, that of the underwater world of Atlantis. Remember the granite coffer in the middle of the Kings’ Chamber? Supposedly it came from Atlantis. There are no engravings or inscriptions – just a very large block of chocolate granite. It is said that the golden capstone also shows water level marks from the flood for which Noah built his ark. A pyramid built in 2589-2504 BCE showing a watermark from a flood supposedly occurring in 2304 BCE with a stone in the middle from a city written about by a man who lived 427-347 BCE. And somehow they are all connected…mysteriously.